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About A Global Peace Index

Context:

The 2023 Global Peace Index (GPI) recently released its annual ranking of the most peaceful countries in the world.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Global Peace Index
  2. Highlights of Global Peace Index 2023

About Global Peace Index:

  • The Global Peace Index (GPI) is an annual report released by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP).
  • It ranks 163 independent states and territories based on their level of peacefulness.
Measurement Domains:

The GPI measures the state of peace across three domains:

  • Societal safety and security
  • Ongoing domestic and international conflict
  • Militarization

Highlights of Global Peace Index 2023:

  • The average level of global peacefulness deteriorated by 0.42%.
  • Iceland retains its position as the most peaceful country in the world since 2008, followed by Denmark, Ireland, New Zealand, and Austria.
  • Afghanistan is ranked as the least peaceful country for the eighth consecutive year, followed by Yemen, Syria, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • India has improved its ranking to 126th, two spots higher than the previous year.
  • India experienced a 3.5% improvement in overall peacefulness, attributed to advancements in violent crime, relations with neighboring countries, and political stability.
  • Other rankings include Nepal at 79th, China at 80th, Sri Lanka at 107th, the United States of America at 131st, and Pakistan at 146th.

-Source: Hindustan Times


June 2024
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