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About Autonomous District Councils (ADC)

Context:

The Khasi Hills Autonomous District Council (KHADC) recently flagged the “mass migration” of people from ethnic strife-torn Manipur to the State’s capital Shillong and adjoining areas.

Relevance:

GS II: Polity and Governance

Dimension of the Article:

  1. About Autonomous District Councils (ADC)
  2. Functions
  3. Revenue Sources

About Autonomous District Councils (ADC)

  • Autonomous District Councils (ADC) are an important feature of the Sixth Schedule in the Indian Constitution. Here are some key details about ADCs:
    • Tribal Areas: The Sixth Schedule designates ten tribal areas in Assam (3), Meghalaya (3), Tripura (1), and Mizoram (3) as autonomous districts.
    • Composition: Each autonomous district has its own Autonomous District Council (ADC). ADCs consist of up to 30 members, with a term of five years. Four members are nominated by the governor, and the remaining 26 members are elected through adult franchise.
    • Tenure: The District Councils serve a term of five years from the date of their constitution.
Functions: ADCs have several functions as defined in the Sixth Schedule:
  • Making laws on land
  • Management of forests (except reserved forests)
  • Appointment of traditional chiefs and headmen
  • Making rules regulating inheritance of property, marriage, divorce, and constitution of village courts
  • Establishing, constructing, or managing primary schools, dispensaries, markets, ferries, fisheries, roads, etc., in the district
  • Making regulations for the control of money lending and trading by non-tribals (with the governor’s assent)
Revenue Sources:

The main revenue sources of ADCs, as specified in the Sixth Schedule, include:

  • Taxes on professions, trades, callings, and employment
  • Taxes on animals, vehicles, and boats
  • Taxes on the entry of goods into a market and their sale
  • Toll taxes on passengers and goods carried on ferries
  • Taxes for the maintenance of schools, dispensaries, or roads

-Source: The Hindu

 


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