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About Hiroshima AI Process


Recently, in the annual Group of Seven (G7) Summit the G7 Hiroshima Leaders’ Communiqué initiated the Hiroshima AI Process (HAP).


GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Hiroshima AI Process
  2. Potential Challenges and Outcomes
  3. Global Partnership on AI (GPAI)

About Hiroshima AI Process

The Hiroshima AI Process (HAP) is an initiative designed to foster international discussions and collaboration on the governance and interoperability of artificial intelligence (AI) with a focus on achieving trustworthy AI. Here are some key points about the HAP:


  • Facilitate international discussions on inclusive AI governance and interoperability.
  • Foster a common vision and goal of trustworthy AI.


  • Acknowledges the growing prominence of Generative AI (GAI) globally and in various sectors.
  • Emphasizes the importance of addressing the opportunities and challenges associated with GAI.


  • Operates in cooperation with international organizations like the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Global Partnership on AI (GPAI).
  • Collaborates with these organizations to advance discussions and initiatives related to AI governance and interoperability.


  • Govern AI in a manner that upholds democratic values, ensuring fairness, accountability, transparency, and prioritizing the safety of AI technologies.
  • Establish procedures that promote openness, inclusivity, and fairness in AI-related discussions and decision-making processes.

Potential Challenges and Outcomes

The Hiroshima AI Process (HAP) encounters several potential challenges and outcomes in its efforts to foster international cooperation on AI governance. Here are the key points:

  • Differing approaches among G7 countries in regulating AI risks pose a challenge to achieving consensus and common understanding.
  • Balancing the diverse perspectives and interests of various stakeholders involved in AI governance can be challenging.
  • Preventing complete discord and finding a harmonious middle ground among G7 countries can be a complex task.
  • Convergent Regulation: The HAP may facilitate the G7 countries in moving towards a divergent regulation approach based on shared norms, principles, and guiding values. It aims to find common ground on important regulatory issues and foster convergence in AI governance.
  • Ineffective Solution: There is a possibility that the HAP becomes overwhelmed by divergent views among the G7 countries, resulting in the inability to deliver a meaningful solution. This outcome would signify a lack of consensus and limited progress in addressing AI governance challenges.
  • Mixed Outcome: The HAP may deliver a mixed outcome where there is partial convergence on finding solutions to some issues, while significant differences persist on many others. This outcome reflects a complex and ongoing process of negotiation and compromise.

Global Partnership on AI (GPAI)

Purpose: A multi-stakeholder initiative bridging theory and practice in AI by supporting research and applied activities on AI-related priorities.

Launch and Membership:
  • Established in June 2020 as a result of G7 collaboration.
  • Initially had 15 members and currently has 29 members.
  • India is one of the member countries.
  • Secretariat: The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) serves as the secretariat for GPAI.

-Source: Down To Earth

December 2023