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About Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)

Context:

Vice President of India recently interacted with the President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union on the sidelines of the G20 Parliamentary Speakers’ Summit (P20).

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU)
  2. Structure

About Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU):

  • The IPU is a global organization representing Parliaments worldwide.
  • It was founded in 1889 in Paris with the goals of promoting representative democracy and global peace.
  • The IPU plays a pivotal role in parliamentary diplomacy, empowering Parliaments and parliamentarians to advocate for peace, democracy, and sustainable development on a global scale.
  • It was the world’s first multilateral political organization, fostering cooperation and dialogue among all nations.
  • Slogan: “For democracy. For everyone.”
  • Presently, the IPU comprises 179 member parliaments and 13 associate members.
  • It works to enhance democracy, promote stronger, more diverse, gender-balanced parliaments, and defend the human rights of parliamentarians through a dedicated committee consisting of MPs from across the globe.
  • The IPU moved its headquarters to Geneva in 1921.
  • Funding: The IPU is primarily funded by its members using public funds.

Structure:

IPU Assembly:
  • The primary statutory body representing the IPU’s views on political matters.
  • Gathers parliamentarians to address international issues and make recommendations for action.
Governing Council:
  • The principal policymaking body of the IPU.
  • Comprised of three representatives from each member parliament.
  • The IPU President also serves as the Council’s President.
  • Responsible for establishing the IPU’s annual program and budget.
  • Occasionally addresses substantive issues and adopts thematic resolutions and policy statements.
  • Oversees various committees and working groups reporting to the Council.
Executive Committees:
  • A 17-member body that administers the IPU and advises the Governing Council.
  • Of these members, 15 are elected by the Council for a four-year term.
  • The IPU President is an ex officio member and serves as the Committee’s President.
Standing Committees:
  • Three Standing Committees established by the IPU Governing Council to support the Assembly’s work.
Meeting of Women Parliamentarians:
  • A distinct body within the IPU that convenes during the first round of Statutory Meetings.
  • Reports its work to the Governing Council and includes both male and female parliamentarians.
  • Focuses on one to two substantive debate topics related to the Assembly’s competence.

-Source: The Times of India


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