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About RISC-V Technology


Recently, chip designer Qualcomm said that it is partnering with Alphabet’s Google to make wearable devices like smartwatches using chips based on RISC-V technology.


GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About RISC-V Technology
  2. How RISC-V Works
  3. Benefits of RISC-V

About RISC-V Technology:

  • Pronunciation: Known as “risk five,” it is an open-source technology.
  • Open-Source ISA: RISC-V is an open-source Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) designed for creating custom processors suitable for various applications.
  • RISC Generation: Considered as the fifth generation of processors, following the principles of Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) architecture.
  • Origin: Began as a project at UC Berkeley, with the aim to develop an open-source computer system based on RISC principles.
  • Evolution: Initially intended for academic purposes, it is now managed by RISC-V International.

How RISC-V Works:

  • Open Standard: RISC-V is defined by member companies of RISC-V International, a global nonprofit organization responsible for the ISA.
  • Collaborative Innovation: Through collaboration, member companies contribute to processor innovation, fostering design flexibility.
  • Core Instructions: Features a concise set of instructions that underpin all software design within the architecture.
  • Customization: Allows designers to tailor and construct processors tailored to specific applications.

Benefits of RISC-V:

  • Open Standard: Facilitates industry-wide collaboration and innovation.
  • Transparency: The entire RISC-V architecture is accessible in the public domain, eliminating the possibility of hidden elements.
  • Applications: RISC-V finds utility in a variety of domains, including wearables, industrial applications, IoT, home appliances, smartphones, automotive systems, high-performance computing (HPC), and data centers.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023