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About Sarus Crane


According to the latest data from the forest department, the count of the Sarus Cranes has increased by 98 per cent from around 500 in 2015 to nearly 992 in 2022 in the wetlands of Matar Taluka in Kheda.


GS III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Sarus Crane
  2. Physical Features
  3. Conservation Status

About Sarus Crane:

  • The Sarus Crane (scientific name: Grus Antigone) is the tallest flying bird in the world.
Distribution and Habitat:
  • The Sarus Crane is found in Southeast Asia, northern India, and northern Australia.
  • They primarily inhabit wetlands such as canals, marshes, and ponds, and are sometimes found near human settlements.

Physical Features:

  • The Sarus Crane is 152-156 cm tall with a wingspan of 240 cm.
  • It has predominantly grey plumage with a naked red head and upper neck and pale red legs.
  • The bird weighs between 7.8-8 kgs.
  • The Sarus Crane is the least social crane species and is mostly found in pairs or small groups of three or four.
  • They are monogamous birds and pairs mate for life.

Conservation Status:

  • The Sarus Crane is classified as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List.
  • It is also listed in Schedule IV of the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972, indicating that it receives legal protection in India.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023