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About Sohagibarwa Wildlife Sanctuary

Context:

Recently, the Chief minister of Uttar Pradesh directed officials to conduct archaeological excavation in the Sohagibarwa Wildlife Sanctuary.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Sohagibarwa Wildlife Sanctuary: Exploring Uttar Pradesh’s Natural Haven

  • Location:
    • Situated in the Maharajganj district of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Designation:
    • Declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in June 1987.
  • Geographical Features:
    • Northern border shares an international boundary with Nepal.
    • Eastern border adjoins Bihar’s Valmiki Tiger Reserve.
  • Vegetation:
    • Encompasses North Indian Moist Deciduous vegetation.
  • Rivers:
    • Drained by significant rivers, including the great Gandak, little Gandak, Pyas, and Rohin.
  • Flora:
    • Approximately 75% of the area dominated by Sal forest.
    • Humid areas feature Jaamun, Gutal, Semal, Khair trees.
    • Lower regions exhibit waterlogged grasslands and patches of Cane forests during the monsoons.
  • Fauna:
    • Diverse wildlife, including Leopard, Tiger, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, and Langur.
    • Avifauna includes Little Cormorant, Snake Bird, Brahimini Duck, Common Teal, Little Egret, Cattle Egret, Paddy Bird, and more.
  • International Borders:
    • Shares a northern international boundary with Nepal.
  • Conservation Status:
    • Designated as a Wildlife Sanctuary to protect and preserve its rich biodiversity.
  • Cultural and Ecological Significance:
    • Contributes to the conservation of flora and fauna in the region.
    • Offers a unique blend of natural landscapes, supporting a variety of ecosystems.

-Source: Hindustan Times


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