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About TEMPO Satellite

Context:

NASA’s new satellite TEMPO measures air pollution hourly has shown significant progress and now the space agency officials are already thinking about ways to extend its life.

Relevance:

GS III: Science and Technology

TEMPO Satellite:

Mission Focus:

  • Tropospheric Emissions Monitoring of Pollution (TEMPO).

Geographical Coverage:

  • Monitors major air pollutants across North America.

Monitoring Range:

  • Extends from Canada’s oil sands to the Yucatán Peninsula.
  • Across the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean.

Virtual Constellation:

  • Part of a virtual constellation with South Korea’s GEMS and the European Space Agency’s upcoming satellite.
  • Aims for comprehensive air pollution monitoring over the Northern Hemisphere.

Scientific Observations:

  • Measures ozone, nitrogen oxide, sulphur dioxide, and formaldehyde levels.

Monitoring Capability:

  • Capable of hourly air quality measurements over North America during the daytime.
  • Provides resolution at the level of several square miles.

Applications:

  • Monitors effects of various sources, including rush-hour traffic, forest fires, and volcanoes.

Orbit Type:

  • Hosted in geostationary orbit.
  • In contrast to traditional low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites.

Operation Duration:

  • Designed for a 20-month operation period.

-Source: Hindustan Times


March 2024
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