Call Us Now

+91 9606900005 / 04

For Enquiry

About The Coal Gasification

Focus: GS III: Environmental Pollution and Degradation

Why in News?

The Ministry of Coal is considering a Comprehensive Scheme to promote Coal Gasification, aiming to achieve 100 Million Tonne (MT) coal Gasification by FY 2030.

Key Points of the Coal Gasification Scheme:


  • The scheme aims to promote coal gasification as a sustainable and innovative solution.
  • It encourages the participation of government PSUs and the private sector in coal gasification projects.

Selection Process:

  • Entities for the coal/lignite gasification scheme will be chosen through a competitive and transparent bidding process.
  • Eligible government PSUs and private sector entities will receive budgetary support to undertake coal gasification projects.


  • The initiative capitalizes on natural resources and demonstrates the financial and technical feasibility of coal gasification.
  • It fosters innovation, investment, and sustainable development in the coal gasification sector.
  • Coal gasification has the potential to reduce carbon emissions and contribute to global commitments for a greener future.

Coal Gasification:

Coal gasification is a process that involves partially oxidizing coal to produce a fuel gas known as syngas.

Here are some key points about coal gasification:


  • Coal is partially oxidized with air, oxygen, steam, or carbon dioxide to produce a fuel gas.
  • This gas, called syngas, serves as an alternative to natural gas and can be used for energy production.

Syngas Composition and Uses:

  • Syngas primarily consists of methane (CH4), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (CO2), and water vapor (H2O).
  • Syngas can be used to produce a wide range of products, including fertilizers, fuels, solvents, and synthetic materials.


  • Steel companies can reduce costs by using syngas from coal gasification plants instead of expensive imported coking coal in their manufacturing process.
  • It is commonly used for electricity generation and in the production of chemical feedstocks.
  • The hydrogen derived from coal gasification has various applications, such as ammonia production and supporting a hydrogen economy.


  • The coal gasification process involves converting a high-quality energy source (coal) into a lower-quality state (gas) and requires significant energy input.
  • As a result, the efficiency of the conversion process is relatively low.

December 2023