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About The Global Biofuels Alliance

Context:

Recently, the Prime Minister of India announced the launch of the Global Biofuels Alliance.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Global Biofuels Alliance
  2. Significance of the Alliance
  3. Biofuel

Global Biofuels Alliance:

The Global Biofuels Alliance is an initiative led by India, with the goal of forming an alliance consisting of governments, international organizations, and industry stakeholders to promote the adoption of biofuels.

Membership:
  • The alliance has garnered participation from a total of 19 countries and 12 international organizations. Among the participants are both G20 member countries and non-member countries.
  • Founding members of the alliance include India, Brazil, and the United States.
Objectives:
  • The primary objective of the Global Biofuels Alliance is to facilitate cooperation and promote the use of sustainable biofuels, particularly in the transportation sector.

Significance of the Alliance:

The alliance holds several key significance factors:

  • Market Strengthening: It aims to strengthen biofuels markets, facilitate global trade in biofuels, share policy lessons, and provide technical support for national biofuels programs worldwide.
  • Capacity Building: The alliance will support the global development and deployment of sustainable biofuels by offering capacity-building exercises along the entire biofuels value chain and technical assistance for national programs.
  • Virtual Marketplace: It will establish a virtual marketplace to assist various stakeholders, including industries, countries, ecosystem players, and technology providers, in mapping demand and supply and connecting technology providers with end users.
  • Standards and Regulations: The alliance will also facilitate the development, adoption, and implementation of internationally recognized standards, codes, sustainability principles, and regulations to incentivize the adoption and trade of biofuels.

Biofuel:

  • Biofuel is a type of fuel produced from biomass within a relatively short timeframe, in contrast to the slow natural processes involved in the formation of fossil fuels like oil.
  • Biomass refers to organic materials, primarily derived from plants and animals, which can be used as a source of energy.
Generations of Biofuel:

First Generation:

  • First-generation biofuels are produced from consumable food items that contain starch (e.g., rice and wheat) or sugar (e.g., beets and sugarcane) for bioalcohols, as well as vegetable oils for biodiesel.
  • These biofuels are primarily derived from crops that are traditionally considered food sources.

Second Generation:

  • Second-generation biofuels are mainly obtained from non-food feedstocks, such as agricultural residues, forest biomass, and industrial waste, as well as used vegetable oils.
  • This generation of biofuels focuses on using non-food sources to avoid competition with food production.

Third Generation:

  • Third-generation biofuels, often referred to as “algae fuel,” are derived from algae and can take the form of both biodiesel and bioalcohols.
  • Algae-based biofuels are seen as a more sustainable and efficient source of bioenergy.

Fourth Generation:

  • Fourth-generation biofuels are also produced from non-arable land, similar to third-generation biofuels.
  • However, unlike third-generation biofuels, fourth-generation biofuels do not require the destruction of biomass, making them more environmentally friendly and sustainable.

-Source: Times of India


June 2024
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