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About The In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)


In a first, Goa has become the first Indian state to offer free in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment.


GS II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
  2. Applicability of IVF

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

  • IVF is a medical technique aimed at aiding individuals or couples facing fertility challenges in achieving pregnancy.
  • It is a prominent form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) known for its effectiveness.
IVF Process:
  • IVF involves a multi-step process where eggs are retrieved from the ovaries and combined with sperm in a laboratory setting.
  • After fertilization, the resulting embryo is placed into the uterus a few days later.
  • Successful pregnancy occurs when the embryo successfully attaches to the uterine wall.
Variations and Factors:
  • IVF can use a couple’s own eggs and sperm or involve donors’ eggs, sperm, or embryos, either known or anonymous.
  • Success rate varies depending on factors such as reproductive history, maternal age, infertility causes, and lifestyle.

Applicability of IVF:

IVF is beneficial for treating infertility in various cases, including:

  • Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes.
  • Male factor infertility like low sperm count or motility.
  • Ovulation disorders, uterine fibroids, or premature ovarian failure.
  • Absence of fallopian tubes.
  • Genetic disorders.
  • Unexplained infertility.

-Source: The Economic Times

July 2024