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About The Kashmir Stag

Context:

After two years, the unique Kashmir stag (Hangul) the state animal of Jammu and Kashmir, has again shown a marginal increase in its population.

Relevance:

GS III: Species in News

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Kashmir Stag (Hangul)
  2. Dachigam National Park: Key Highlights

Kashmir Stag (Hangul):

  • Commonly Known as Hangul: The Kashmir stag, also known as Hangul, is a subspecies of Central Asian red deer that is endemic to the region of Kashmir and its surroundings.
  • Habitat: These deer are found in the dense riverine forests of the high valleys and mountains in regions of Jammu and Kashmir and northern Himachal Pradesh.
  • Protected Area: The Dachigam National Park in Kashmir serves as a significant habitat for the Hangul, providing protection and preservation for this species.
  • Population: While their population is limited, a small group of Hangul has also been observed in the Overa-Aru Wildlife Sanctuary in south Kashmir.
Conservation Status:
  • IUCN Status: The Hangul is classified as “Critically Endangered” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), highlighting its high risk of extinction.
  • CITES Listing: It is listed under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), offering the highest level of protection against trade.

Dachigam National Park: Key Highlights

  • Diverse Terrain: The park’s true beauty is showcased through its deep valleys, rugged rock formations, steep forested slopes, and expansive alpine meadows.
  • Altitude Variation: Situated in a mountainous region, Dachigam National Park experiences a significant variation in altitude, ranging from 1600 meters to 4200 meters above sea level.
  • Distinct Regions: This altitude diversity divides the park into two distinct regions: the upper region and the lower region, each with unique ecological features.
  • Flora Abundance: The park boasts a rich flora, including various species such as Wild Cherry, Pear, Plum, Peach, Apple, Apricot, Walnut, Chestnut, Oak, and Willow.
  • Varied Fauna: Dachigam National Park is home to a diverse range of wildlife:
    • Hangul (Kashmir Stag): This park is a crucial habitat for the endangered Hangul, also known as the Kashmir Stag.
    • Musk Deer, Leopards, and More: Other residents include Musk deer, Brown Bears, Leopards, Jungle Cats, Himalayan black bears, and several species of wild goats like markhor and ibex.

-Source: The Hindu


May 2024
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