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About The Lentil Production

Context:

India is set to become the world’s largest producer of lentil (masoor) during the 2023-24 crop years on account of higher acreage.

Relevance:

GS III: Agriculture

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Lentil Overview

Lentil Overview:

Consumption:
  • Valuable human food, commonly consumed as dry seeds.
  • In India, known as ‘Dal’ after removal of outer skin and cotyledon separation.
  • Also referred to as Masur and Malka (bold-seeded).
Climatic Conditions:
  • Requires cold climate.
  • Hardy, tolerating frost and severe winters.
  • Thrives in cold temperatures during vegetative growth and warmer temperatures at maturity.
  • Optimal growth temperature: 18-30°C.
  • Cultivated up to an altitude of 3,500 m in northwest hills.
Soil Requirements:
  • Best suited for well-drained, loam soils with neutral pH.
  • Unsuitable for acidic soils.
Cultivation Regions:
  • Cultivated widely in Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
  • Major growing states in India include Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Punjab, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, etc.
Characteristics:
  • Easy to cook, highly digestible, and boasts a high biological value.
  • Dry leaves, stems, empty, and broken pods used as valuable cattle feed.
Global Production:
  • Top global lentil growers in 2022: Canada, India, Australia, Turkey, and Russia (according to FAO).
Indian Import Scenario:
  • Despite being the second-largest producer, India traditionally imports from Australia, Canada, Russia, Singapore, and Turkey.
  • Recent imports also from UAE, USA, Sri Lanka, and Nepal.

-Source: The Hindu


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