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About The Muthuvan Tribe


According to the Tamil Nadu Forest Department, Muthuvan tribe will be part of Nilgiri Tahr conservation project.


GS II: Vulnerable Sections

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. The Muthuvan Tribe
  2. Project Tahr

The Muthuvan Tribe:

  • Habitat: Reside in the border hill forests of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
  • Dialects: Speak different dialects known as Malayalam Muthuvan and Pandi Muthuvan.
  • Religion: Practice animism and spirit worship, along with reverence for forest deities.
  • Ancestral Beliefs: Believe that their forebears were the first inhabitants of the hill forests.
  • Wildlife Coexistence: Known for their harmonious coexistence with wildlife, thanks to traditional knowledge.
  • Kani System: Govern themselves using a unique system where a ‘Kani’ leads each village.
  • Traditional Medicine: Proficient in traditional medicine, which is highly effective and passed down through generations.
  • Occupation: Primarily engage in agriculture, cultivating products like ragi, cardamom, and lemongrass.

Project Tahr:

  • Objective: The Tamil Nadu government aims to gain a better understanding of the Nilgiri Tahr population through surveys and radio telemetry studies.
  • Reintroduction: Plan to reintroduce Tahrs to their historical habitat.
  • Threat Mitigation: Address immediate threats to their population.
  • Awareness: Raise public awareness about this species.
  • Duration: The project is set to run for a five-year period from 2022 to 2027.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023