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New Wheat Variety (PBW RS1)


Recently, the Ludhiana-based institution has developed a new variety of wheat called PBW RS1.


GS III: Science

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. PBW RS1
  2. Type 2 Diabetes
  3. Glycemic Index


PBW RS1 is a variety of wheat known for its high amylose starch content, which contributes to its unique properties.

Benefits of PBW RS1:
  • High Amylose Starch: PBW RS1 contains a higher amount of amylose, a type of starch that is resistant to digestion. This results in slower release of glucose into the bloodstream after consumption, which can be beneficial for managing blood sugar levels.
  • Resistant Starch: The resistant starch present in PBW RS1 does not cause a rapid increase in glucose levels and provides a more gradual release of glucose, promoting better glycemic control.
  • Reduced Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Diseases: The high amylose content in PBW RS1 is known to have potential health benefits, including reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Lower Glycemic Index: Foods prepared from whole grain flour of PBW RS1 have a lower glycemic index, indicating that they have a lesser impact on blood sugar levels compared to foods with higher glycemic index values.

Type 2 Diabetes:

  • Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the body is unable to properly use insulin or maintain normal blood sugar levels.
  • It typically develops over time and is commonly diagnosed in adults, although there is an increasing prevalence among children, teens, and young adults.

Glycemic Index:

  • The glycemic index is a rating system that measures how quickly carbohydrates in food affect blood sugar levels when consumed alone.
  • Foods with a higher glycemic index value cause a more rapid increase in blood glucose levels, while those with a lower glycemic index value result in a slower and more controlled rise in blood sugar levels.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023