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‘Bhumi Samvaad’ – National Workshop on DILRMP

Context:

The Ministry of Rural Development inaugurated ‘Bhumi Samvaad’ – National Workshop on Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (DILRMP).

Relevance:

GS-II: Social Justice and Governance (Government Policies and Initiatives, Central Sector Schemes)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About the Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (DILRMP)
  2. Other Initiatives launched:
  3. Benefits following the developments in ‘Bhumi Samvaad’ – National Workshop on DILRMP

About the Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (DILRMP)

Background to the DILRMP

  • The Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme (DILRMP), previously known as the National Land Record Modernization Programme (NLRMP), was launched in 2008 with the purpose to digitize and modernize land records and develop a centralised land record management system.
  • The official land records of mapped and unmapped will enable the government to give access to basic facilities and rights to the land owners.
  • The DILRMP is the amalgamation of two projects:
    1. Computerisation of Land Records (CLR) and
    2. Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records (SRA & ULR).
  • The implementation of the DILRMP programme across states have experienced significant shortcoming, according to the reports submitted by the Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP), and National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER).

Important Points regarding the DILRMP

  • Digital India Land Record Modernization Programme (DILRMP) is a Central Sector scheme that has been extended to 2023-24, to complete its original targets as well as expand its ambit with a slew of new schemes.
  • It is being implemented by the Department of Land Resources (Ministry of Rural Development).
  • It aims to develop a system of:
    1. updated land records,
    2. automated and automatic mutation,
    3. integration between textual and spatial records,
    4. inter-connectivity between revenue and registration,
    5. and also to replace the present deeds registration and presumptive title system with that of conclusive titling with title guarantee.
  • An appropriate Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS) across the country is one of the primary components that the DILRMP attempts to develop. This step will build upon the commonalities that exist in the arena of land records in various States.
  • The ILIMS system contains information on parcel ownership, land use, taxation, location boundaries, land value, encumbrances and many more.

The various components of the Digital India Land Record Modernisation Programme (DILRMP) are:

  1. Computerization of land records
  2. Survey/re-survey
  3. Computerization of Registration
  4. Modern record rooms/land records management centres at tehsil/taluk/circle/block level
  5. Training & capacity building.

Other Initiatives launched:

National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS)

  • NGDRS is an in-house advanced software application for doing registration. This system is configurable and compatible with state-specific needs in India.

National Land management Award-2021

  • National Land Management Award-2021 was initiated by Department of Land Resources, in order to appreciate and encourage the good work done by the State Governments. Department will also provide a national level ranking of States on the basis of best practices for land acquisition for infrastructure projects.

Unique Land Parcel Identification Numbers (ULPIN)

  • Unique Land Parcel Identification Numbers (ULPIN) is like Aadhar Number of land parcels. In this unique system, a unique ID will be generated on the basis of Geo-coordinates of the parcels. Unique ID is assigned to the plots. This system has been implemented in 13 States and has been pilot-tested in another six. The Department seeks to complete the process of assigning unique IDs in entire country by the end of financial year 2021-22.

Benefits following the developments in ‘Bhumi Samvaad’ – National Workshop on DILRMP

  • Following all the launched initiatives real-time land ownership records will be available to the citizen. Free accessibility to the records will reduce interface between the citizen and the Government functionaries, thereby reducing rent seeking and harassment.
  • The Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode of service delivery will further reduce citizen interface with Govt. machinery, while adding to the convenience.
  • The single-window service or the web-enabled “anytime-anywhere” access will save the citizen time and effort in obtaining RoRs (Record of Rights), etc.
  • Automatic and automated mutations will significantly reduce the scope of fraudulent property deals.
  • Conclusive titling will also significantly reduce litigation.
  • The initiatives will also permit e-linkages to credit facilities.
  • Reliable and Data-based information on eligibility for Government programs will also be available.

-Source: PIB

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October 2022
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