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BY ANY CALCULUS INDIA QUALIFIES FOR UNSC PERMANENT SEAT

Why in news?

India is due for election to the temporary membership of the U.N. Security Council later in 2020.

Priorities for India to work on

  • India in many ways is a sui generis (unique)country, the only example in history of a billion-plus people working together in a democratic framework. Our USP (Unique selling proposition) is that we will bring to it those values and strengths of being able to work cohesively among disparate entities.
  • We have issues which are beyond borders, issues of global commons like cyber issues for which there are no regulatory mechanisms or no rules on that.
  • There are issues oh high seas, i.e., beyond EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone), there is very limited understanding of what states can do and what states can’t do.
  • Another area of interest would obviously be technology with a human touch.

India’s Progress in getting the UNSC permanent member status

  • The issue of the expansion and reform of the Security Council is not an India-centric issue.
  • On India’s membership, there are very few discordant notes, but there are other issues. There are people who feel that matters relating to, for example, the veto are important factors.
  • When it comes to expansion, none of those present there as permanent members right now voted in favour. There were some who opposed, there were others who abstained.
  • India’s bid for permanent member of UNSC is now backed by four of the five permanent members, namely France, Russia, United Kingdom and United States.
  • On 15 April 2011, China officially expressed its support for an increased Indian role at the United Nations, without explicitly endorsing India’s Security Council ambitions.
  • A few months later, China endorsed Indian candidacy as a permanent UNSC member provided that India revokes its support for Japanese candidacy.
  • As part of the G4 nations, India is supported by Brazil, Germany, and Japan for the permanent seat.
  • India joined the U.N. in 1945 (2 years before independence) and is the second-largest and one of the largest constant contributors of troops to the United Nations peacekeeping missions.
  • India has also been elected seven times to the UN Security Council.
  • India is the world’s fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity, and maintains the world’s second-largest active armed force (after China) and is a nuclear-weapon state.
  • Conclusion quotes: Clearly, a seat for India would make the body more representative and democratic. With India as a member, the Council would be a more legitimate and thus a more effective body.
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October 2022
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