NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope captured a stunning new image of a star that exploded in the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A (Cas A).
GS III: Science and Technology
Dimensions of the Article:
- About Cassiopeia A
- Supernova Explosion
Nature and Origin:
- Cassiopeia A is the remnant of a massive star that experienced a spectacular explosion approximately 340 years ago.
- It stands as the youngest known remnant of a massive star in our galaxy.
Supernova Remnant Type:
- This celestial object belongs to the prototypical category of supernova remnants.
- Its formation and characteristics have been extensively studied through observations from various ground-based and space-based observatories.
- The remnant spans an impressive 10 light-years in size.
- Positioned 11,000 light-years away in the constellation Cassiopeia, it adds a cosmic dimension to our understanding of supernovae.
- Cassiopeia A serves as a rich source of information about the intricacies of supernovae phenomena.
- Scientific exploration of this remnant contributes to unraveling the complexities associated with massive star explosions.
- A supernova explosion marks the dramatic end of a massive star’s life cycle.
- Triggered by profound changes in the star’s core, this celestial event unfolds in two distinct ways, both culminating in a supernova.
Binary Star System Scenario:
- In binary star systems, where two stars orbit a common point, one star, often a carbon-oxygen white dwarf, siphons matter from its companion.
- The accumulation of excess matter on the white dwarf leads to a critical point, resulting in a spectacular explosion— a supernova.
Single Star’s Culmination:
- In the lifecycle finale of a single star, as it depletes its nuclear fuel, mass flows into its core.
- The core, unable to withstand its gravitational force, undergoes collapse, culminating in a colossal explosion—the signature of a supernova.
-Source: Indian Today