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Centre to Deploy National Level Monitors for Supervising Livestock Schemes


The Centre has decided to deploy National Level Monitors (NLM) to oversee the implementation of its livestock schemes including National Livestock Mission and Rashtriya Gokul Mission.


GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. National Livestock Mission (NLM)
  2. Centre to Deploy National Level Monitors for Livestock Schemes
  3. About the Rashtriya Gokul Mission

National Livestock Mission (NLM)

Inception and Realignment

  • The National Livestock Mission (NLM) was launched during the 2014-15 fiscal year.
  • It underwent realignment in 2021-22.


  • NLM seeks to enhance both the quantity and quality of livestock production systems and to build the capacity of all stakeholders.
  • The core concept of the NLM Scheme is to nurture entrepreneurship, establishing connections between the unorganized and organized sectors.


  • The revised scheme aspires to:
    • Generate employment opportunities.
    • Develop entrepreneurship.
    • Raise productivity per animal, ultimately leading to increased meat, goat milk, egg, and wool production.

Implementing Agency

  • The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying has overseen the scheme’s implementation since the 2014-15 fiscal year.

Centre to Deploy National Level Monitors for Livestock Schemes

The Indian government plans to assign National Level Monitors (NLMs) to oversee various livestock schemes.

Monitoring of Livestock Programs
  • NLMs will supervise the implementation of livestock schemes and programs.
  • These include the National Programme for Dairy Development and Livestock Health and Disease Control programs.
  • Two types of monitoring are proposed: regular and special.
  • The objectives encompass ensuring adherence to Ministry-prescribed guidelines and processes.
  • Monitoring will also gauge public perceptions, gather suggestions for improvements, and assess beneficiary selection for transparency.
Nature of NLMs
  • NLMs will be independent, third-party monitors, comprising both individuals and institutions designated by the government.
  • Individual NLMs will be drawn from retired Civil/Defence Services Officers and academia.
Significance of Monitoring
  • The government’s attention to monitoring schemes in the Animal Husbandry and Dairying sector is noteworthy, given the sector’s growing economic contribution.
  • Involving NLMs ensures impartial and objective monitoring of these schemes.
Contribution of Livestock Sector
  • The livestock sector’s contribution to agriculture output has risen from 24.32% in 2014-2015 to 30.87% in 2020-21.
  • The sector has experienced a compound annual growth rate of 7.93% from 2014-15 to 2020-21.
  • The total value of the livestock sector’s output in 2020-21 was Rs 14.49 lakh crore, based on National Account Statistics 2022.
  • The value of milk output exceeded Rs 9.31 lakh crore, surpassing the combined value of paddy and wheat.

About the Rashtriya Gokul Mission

  • The Rashtriya Gokul Mission was launched in December 2014.
  • It has been extended as part of the Rashtriya Pashudhan Vikas Yojana from 2021 to 2026.
Mission Objectives:
  • Enhancing Productivity: The mission aims to boost the productivity of indigenous bovine breeds while ensuring sustainability. It leverages advanced technologies for this purpose.
  • Increased Milk Production: One of its goals is to facilitate a significant increase in milk production through efficient bovine management practices.
  • High-Quality Breeding: The mission advocates the use of high genetic merit bulls for breeding, contributing to the improvement of cattle genetics.
  • Widening Insemination Coverage: Strengthening the breeding network and making artificial insemination services easily accessible to farmers is a key objective.
  • Holistic Conservation: The mission is dedicated to the scientific and comprehensive conservation of indigenous cattle and buffalo breeds.

Issues with Rashtriya Gokul Mission:

  • Established in 2014, the Rashtriya Gokul Mission was intended to enhance the quality of semen for various indigenous cattle breeds in India.
  • However, the mission has largely prioritized the Gir cow, primarily due to its milk production and adaptability to different regions.
  • This preference for Gir cows is evident from the 2019 livestock census, which showed a substantial increase in purebred Gir cows since 2013, while other indigenous breeds like Sahiwal and Hariana have not seen similar growth and, in some cases, have experienced a decline.
  • This trend has raised concerns about the diminishing diversity of indigenous cattle breeds in India.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023