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China’s White Paper and Shared Vision of India and China


China released a white paper outlining its proposals and actions to address global challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. In a world marked by turmoil, including the Russia-Ukraine crisis and issues in West Asia, there is potential for global harmony by considering the shared visions and historically linked civilizations of India and China.


GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Vision Points for the Global Community of Shared Future:
  2. Cooperative Initiatives between India and China for Building a Global Community of a Shared Future:
  3. Obstacles in India-China Collaboration

Key Vision Points for the Global Community of Shared Future:

Economic Globalization:

  • Promote economic globalization that benefits developing nations.
  • Reject unilateralism, protectionism, and zero-sum games.

Peace and Cooperation:

  • Advocate peace, development, cooperation, and win-win results.
  • Avoid colonialism and hegemony, work together for global peace.

Global Community of Shared Destiny:

  • Build a global community of shared destiny.
  • Focus on mutual respect, equity, and beneficial cooperation for global partnerships.

International System:

  • Oppose bloc politics and unilateral thinking.
  • Support a fair, UN-centered international system.
  • Uphold international law as the basis for global norms and true multilateralism.

Equity and Freedom:

  • Promote equity, justice, democracy, and freedom.
  • Avoid imposing a singular model of democracy.

Harmony Amidst Diversity:

  • Embrace diversity and respect each nation’s right to choose its social systems and development paths.

Cooperative Initiatives between India and China for Building a Global Community of a Shared Future:

Shared Values and Principles:
  • Embrace shared values rooted in ancient civilizations, such as fairness, justice, and the concept of the world as one family.
  • Uphold principles like “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” and the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence.
Areas and Platforms of Cooperation:
Economic CooperationLeverage existing platforms like BRICS, SCO, AIIB, and NDB for enhancing economic cooperation. Focus on open and inclusive world economy and explore new areas such as digital economy and green economy.
Security Cooperation Collaborate on combating terrorism, extremism, and separatism, contributing to regional peace and stability.
Cultural CooperationStrengthen cultural ties through increased people-to-people contact, education, tourism, sports, youth, and media interactions.
Environmental CooperationEnhance coordination on climate change, biodiversity conservation, emission reduction, renewable energy, and disaster management, supporting Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Benefits of India-China Cooperation for Building a Global Community of Shared Future:

Economic Growth and Trade Opportunities:

  • Expanding markets with massive consumer bases.
  • Leveraging complementary economies for mutual benefits.

Technological Advancements and Innovation:

  • Accelerated progress through collaborative research and innovation in various sectors.
  • Enhanced capabilities in space exploration, cybersecurity, and climate change mitigation.

Global Governance and Diplomacy:

  • Counterbalancing unilateral actions by global powers.
  • Influencing international forums and addressing global issues collectively.

Obstacles in India-China Collaboration:

Border Disputes and Military Standoffs:

  • Long-standing border disputes, particularly along the Line of Actual Control (LAC), have resulted in military standoffs, creating mistrust and potential escalation.

Mistrust Due to Historical Conflicts:

  • Historical conflicts, including the 1962 Sino-Indian war, have led to deep-seated mistrust between the two nations, hindering cooperative efforts.

Geopolitical Complexities:

  • China’s use of its UNSC veto power against India, close ties with Pakistan, and India’s abstention from China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) contribute to the complexity of relations.
  • These issues add layers of geopolitical tension and mutual suspicion.

Strategic Competition:

  • Strategic competition is a reality due to both countries having distinct national interests and aspirations.
  • External pressure, especially from the United States and its allies, who seek to contain China’s rise, further fuels this competition.

Clashing Interests:

  • Strategic interests sometimes clash, especially in regions like South Asia, where both countries seek influence.
  • China’s investments in India’s neighboring countries may be seen as encroaching on India’s sphere of influence.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023