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Civil Registration System Report

Context:

According to the recently released annual report on Vital Statistics based on the 2020 Civil Registration System Report (CRS), the Union Territory of Ladakh recorded the highest sex ratio at birth in the country in 2020.

Relevance:

GS I- Population and related issues

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is Civil Registration System (CRS)?
  2. Highlights of the Report

What is Civil Registration System (CRS)?

  • The Registrar-General of India releases the CRS report, which compiles data on all births and deaths registered with local authorities throughout India.
  • It publishes its report 18 months after the conclusion of the fiscal year.
Significance of the 2020 Report:
  • At least a month ahead of schedule, the 2020 report was released. Such information is useful during a pandemic because suspected covid-19 deaths may not have been recorded in official records.
  • Using the “excess deaths” technique, the CRS can assist us in arriving at an estimate.
  • It’s the difference between the overall number of deaths in a pandemic year and the number of deaths that happen on a regular basis.

Highlights of the Report

Highest Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB):

  1. Ladakh -1104
  2. Arunachal Pradesh – 1011
  3. Andaman & Nicobar Islands – 984
    • The information from Maharashtra, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi on sex ratio at birth was “not available.”

Lowest Sex Ratio at Birth:

  • Manipur – 880
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu – 898
  • Gujarat – 909
Covid deaths
  • According to the CRS data for 2020, 8.12 million Indians died, up 6.2 percent from 2019.
  • Unusually high death rates would normally be linked to the epidemic. However, not all deaths in India are recorded. As a result, an increase could simply be due to more families reporting fatalities.
  • The CRS for 2021, which predicted higher Covid deaths, may not be released until the following year.

-Source: The Hindu

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