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Conflict Between Israel and Syria

Context:

Recently, Israel has fired retaliatory rockets after three rockets had been launched towards Israel from Syria.

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Recent Conflict in Israel and its Neighboring Countries
  2. Timeline of Conflict between Israel and Syria
  3. India’s Position in the Syrian-Israeli Conflict

Recent Conflict in Israel and its Neighboring Countries:

  • Tension due to ultra-nationalist government in Israel
  • Raid on Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem by Israel leading to rocket attacks from Lebanon, Gaza Strip, and Syria • Israel’s fear of Iran stationing its fighters and weapons near its borders via Syria
  • Israel’s strikes in Syria targeting Iranian-linked figures and infrastructure, including airports in Damascus and Aleppo
  • Complexity of the situation with multiple actors and competing interests
  • Ongoing conflicts resulting in displacement of millions and loss of countless lives
  • International community calling for calm and peaceful resolution, but uncertainty prevails.

Timeline of Conflict between Israel and Syria:

  • Six-Day War in 1967: Israel seized Golan Heights from Syria, which it has occupied since then.
  • Yom Kippur War in 1973: Syrian forces attempted to recapture Golan Heights but failed.
  • Israel’s Golan Heights Law in 1981: Israel passed a law effectively annexing Golan Heights, which was declared null and void by the UNSC.
  • Failed Negotiations in 2000: Israel and Syria attempted to negotiate a settlement but failed.
  • Syrian Civil War in 2011: Conflict between Israel and Syria escalated after the start of the Syrian civil war.
  • Iran’s Involvement: Iran emerged as a key player in the conflict and provided support to Syrian President’s regime.
  • Targeted Strikes in Syria: Israel has been accused of carrying out targeted strikes in Syria in recent years, with recent attacks raising concerns of escalation.

India’s Position in the Syrian-Israeli Conflict:

  • India maintains a balanced position and urges all parties to exercise restraint and resolve differences through negotiations.
  • India supports Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and opposes external interference in its internal affairs.
Implications of Conflict for India:
  • The conflict could impact India’s energy security as it heavily relies on oil imports from the Middle East, including Syria.
  • Any disruption in oil supply could have significant economic consequences.
  • The conflict could also have security implications for India as extremist groups in the region may exploit the situation to further their agenda.
  • India’s significant Muslim population could be impacted, and sectarian tensions could rise if the conflict escalates.

-Source: The Hindu


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