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Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Context:

Conjunctivitis cases have been surging in India during the monsoon season, as the high humidity and rainfall create a favorable environment for the transmission of the infection.

Relevance:

GS II: Health

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as Pink Eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva, the transparent membrane that covers the eyelid and eyeball.

  • Pink Appearance: Swollen and irritated blood vessels in the conjunctiva make the eyes’ whites appear reddish or pink.
  • Causative Agents: Conjunctivitis can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or allergies. Bacterial and viral types are highly contagious, while allergic conjunctivitis is not.
  • Transmission: It spreads through direct or indirect contact. Direct transmission occurs through droplets from coughs or sneezes of infected individuals or hand-to-eye contact. Indirect transmission happens via shared personal items like towels, makeup, pillows, or contact lenses.
  • Signs and Symptoms: Common signs include redness, swelling, and itching in the eyes. The eyes may also become watery during the early stages.
  • Treatment: Treatment involves a combination of medicines. Artificial tears or lubricating eye drops help maintain moisture. Warm or cold compresses provide relief from inflammation and swelling. Proper care can alleviate discomfort and aid recovery.

-Source: Indian Express


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