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Consider the following statements: Which of the above statements is/are correct?(2017)

Consider the following statements:

  1. The Factories Act, 1881 was passed with a view to fix the wages of industrial workers and to allow the workers to form trade unions.
  2. N.M. Lokhande was a pioneer in organizing the labour movement in British India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?(2017)

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 and 2

Answer: B

Factories Act 1881 Act was passed to improve working conditions of labour. It prohibited the employment of children under the age of seven, limited the number of working hours for children below the age of twelve and required that dangerous machinery should be fenced properly.

Narayan Meghaji Lokhande was a pioneer of the labour movement in India. He is remembered not only for ameliorating the working conditions of textile mill-hands in the 19th century but also for his courageous initiatives on caste and communal issues