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Counter-Drone System and UAVs

Context:

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has achieved notable progress in the development of an extensive counter-drone system and is concurrently emphasizing the advancement of high-endurance Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).

Relevance:

GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Recent Advances in Counter-Drone Technology and UAV Development
  2. Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO): A Overview

Recent Advances in Counter-Drone Technology and UAV Development

Counter-Drone Technology:

DRDO’s Comprehensive Anti-Drone System:

  • Developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • Encompasses detection, identification, and neutralization of drones.
  • Capable of countering various drone types, including micro drones.
  • Addresses soft kill and hard kill scenarios for effective countermeasures.
  • Technology transferred to private companies like BEL, L&T, and Icom for mass production.
UAV Development:

Tapas Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) UAV:

  • Developed for Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition, and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) applications.
  • In an advanced stage of developmental trials.
  • Features a Lithium Ion-based battery with an indigenous battery management system.
  • Collaborative effort between DRDO and a private vendor.

Archer UAV:

  • Short-range armed UAV designed for reconnaissance, surveillance, and low-intensity conflict scenarios.
  • Currently undergoing developmental flight trials.

Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO): A Overview

Mission and Vision:

  • DRDO is the Research and Development (R&D) wing of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
  • Vision: Empower India with cutting-edge defense technologies.
  • Mission: Achieve self-reliance in critical defense technologies.

Core Principle:

  • “Balasya Mulam Vigyanam” (Science is the source of strength).

Foundation:

  • Established in 1958 through the amalgamation of existing establishments from the Indian Army and Directorate of Technical Development & Production.
Significant Contributions:

Strategic Systems and Platforms:

  • Developed key strategic systems and platforms:
    • Agni and Prithvi series of missiles.
    • Tejas (Light Combat Aircraft).
    • Pinaka (Multi-barrel Rocket Launcher).
    • Akash (Air Defence System).
    • Radars and electronic warfare systems.

-Source: The Hindu


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