An outbreak of Ebola has been declared in Uganda following the confirmation of a relatively rare Sudan strain case.
GS II: Health
Dimensions of the Article:
- About Ebola Virus Disease
- How does it spread?
- What are the symptoms?
- How can it be diagnosed?
About Ebola Virus Disease
- The first instances of the disease, formerly known as Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever, were discovered in Guinea in December 2013.
- Later, the illness spread to the nearby countries of Sierra Leone and Liberia.
- Bundibugyo, Sudan, and Zaire are three of the six strains that have historically caused significant outbreaks.
How does it spread?
- The Pteropodidae family of fruit bats is regarded to be a natural host for the Ebola virus.
- The virus travels from human to human and is acquired by people from wild animals (through broken skin or mucous membranes).
What are the symptoms?
- Muscle pain
- Sore throat
This is followed by:
How can it be diagnosed?
- Clinically separating EVD from other infectious disorders such malaria, typhoid fever, and meningitis can be challenging.
- Numerous pregnancy symptoms and Ebola disease symptoms are remarkably similar.
- The following diagnostic techniques are used to confirm that symptoms are brought on by Ebola virus infection:
- Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibody capture (ELISA)
- RT-PCR assay (reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction)
- The Ervebo vaccine has been shown to be effective in protecting people from the species Zaire ebolavirus
- Two monoclonal antibodies (Inmazeb and Ebanga) were approved for the treatment of Zaire ebolavirus (Ebolavirus) infection in adults
- Remdesivir was also tested as an Ebola treatment.
-Source: Down to Earth