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Editorials/Opinions Analysis For UPSC 10 May 2024

  1. An AI-infused World Needs Matching Cybersecurity
  2. Interpol’s Blue Corner Notice


Last year, an alarming incident involving a distressed mother who received a menacing call from alleged “kidnappers” claiming to have her daughter in their custody sparked concern in the U.S. This news captivated the nation as it was revealed that the purported “kidnappers” and the voice of the daughter were actually hackers employing generative AI to extort money. Such occurrences are becoming more frequent, blurring the line between reality and generative AI.



  • Robotics
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Scientific Innovations and Discoveries
  • IT and Computers

GS2- Government Policies and Interventions

Mains Question:

With increasing misuse of generative AI as witnessed recently, ensuring that consumers can navigate digital spaces safely has become crucial but complex. Analyse. (10 Marks, 150 Words).

Revolutionary AI:

  • The evolution of generative AI has undoubtedly revolutionized various sectors like education, banking, healthcare, and manufacturing. However, it has also reshaped the landscape of cyber threats and security.
  • Projections indicate that the generative AI industry could significantly boost global GDP by $7 to $10 trillion.
  • Yet, the proliferation of generative AI solutions, such as ChatGPT introduced in November 2022, has fueled a cycle of advantages and drawbacks.

Statistics that Point Towards a Rising Concern:

  • According to a recent report, there has been a staggering 1,265% surge in phishing incidents/emails and a 967% increase in credential phishing since late 2022, attributed to the heightened exploitation of generative AI.
  • As sophisticated cyber threats continue to escalate, both organizations and individuals find themselves vulnerable to new avenues of cyber-attacks, compelling firms to adapt to constantly evolving technology.
  • According to a study conducted by Deep Instinct, approximately 75% of professionals experienced a surge in cyberattacks over the past year alone, with 85% of respondents attributing this heightened risk to generative AI.
  • Cognitive behavioral manipulation has led to critically dangerous incidents, such as voice-activated toys and gadgets promoting unsafe behaviors in children or posing serious threats to privacy and security.
  • Concurrently, remote and real-time biometric identification systems, like facial recognition, have significantly compromised the right to privacy and posed substantial risks to individuals on numerous occasions recently.
  • While generative AI has significantly boosted productivity across various industries, with 70% of professionals reporting increased productivity, the escalating manipulation through generative AI, particularly in recent years, has exacerbated organizations’ vulnerability to attacks.
  • Most organizations cite undetectable phishing attacks (37%), a surge in attack volume (33%), and mounting privacy concerns (39%) as the foremost challenges they face.

Developing Safeguards:

Legislative Level:

  • While stringent ethical and legislative frameworks are being developed to counter the growing AI-related cybercrimes, loopholes and a lack of comprehensive understanding in regulating generative AI persist.
  • In light of mounting concerns due to the increasing misuse of generative AI, it is crucial to protect consumers against the challenges posed by these advanced technologies, enabling safe navigation of digital spaces.
  • World leaders have also launched collaborative efforts to comprehend the potential catastrophic consequences of AI’s detrimental utilization, exemplified by the recent signing of the Bletchley Declaration at the AI Safety Summit.
  • Signatory countries include China, the European Union, France, Germany, India, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

Institutional Level:

  • At the institutional level, rigorous policy-led endeavors are essential to fortify the stance against rising challenges, such as enhancing watermarking to identify AI-generated content.
  • This could mitigate cyber threats stemming from AI-generated content, alerting consumers to take appropriate measures.
  • Moreover, collaborative efforts between institutional and industrial stakeholders are needed to refine and implement a pragmatic and effective regulatory framework, incorporating feedback from the public to bolster the drafting of these regulations.

Corporate Level:

  • At the corporate level, there’s a pressing need to prioritize digital awareness through internal communication channels and digital literacy training sessions, nurturing strong digital fluency in the workplace while addressing any gaps in employees’ digital knowledge.
  • This initiative would better equip the workforce to effectively navigate the digital realm, discern credibility, and authenticate sources.

Grassroot Level:

  • Yet, for a comprehensive cybersecurity strategy in an AI-dominated era, we must recognize the vital role of non-governmental and outreach organizations in introducing individuals to the digital world’s opportunities while providing essential cyber literacy tools.
  • By cultivating a digitally literate population from the grassroots level, we can establish a more resilient defense against the evolving threats in today’s AI-driven digital environment.


As we advance towards the development of more intricate systems and technologies, collaborative efforts are crucial for instilling a sense of security, empowering individuals and organizations to bolster communities in safeguarding their personal interests and identities.


Amidst a political uproar in Karnataka surrounding serious allegations of sexual abuse against the sitting MP for Hassan and grandson of former a Prime Minister, the International Criminal Police Organization, commonly known as Interpol, has issued a blue corner notice for the fugitive politician. He has been evading authorities since late last month following the leak of numerous explicit video clips purportedly showing the 33-year-old engaging in sexual abuse with multiple women, prompting his suspension from the party.


GS Paper – 2

  • Important International Institutions
  • Issues Related to Women
  • Transparency & Accountability
  • Criminalisation of Politics

Mains Question:

With reference to the recent issuance of a blue corner notice by Interpol against a Member of Parliament in India, discuss how a blue corner Interpol notice differs from a red corner notice and what significance does this notice hold for the SIT probe in the Hassan MP sexual assault case? (15 Marks, 250 Words).

About Interpol:

  • The full name of the organization is the International Criminal Police Organization, commonly known as Interpol. “Interpol” serves as the radio-telegraph code for the organization.
  • Interpol comprises 194 member countries and operates independently of the United Nations.
  • Since 1996, Interpol has held the unique status of Permanent Observer at the United Nations.
  • Established in 1923, Interpol is headquartered in Lyon, France.
  • Interpol operates differently from traditional police forces; its agents lack the authority to make arrests.
  • Instead, it functions primarily as an information-sharing network, facilitating cooperation among national police forces to address a wide spectrum of international crimes, including human trafficking, terrorism, money laundering, and illicit art trading.
  • Information sharing is facilitated through the issuance of color-coded notices in four languages: English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
  • The organization maintains centralized criminal databases containing records of fingerprints, DNA samples, and stolen documents.

How does Interpol Alert Countries?

  • The organization disseminates information about crimes and wanted individuals globally and offers technical, operational, and investigative assistance to locate fugitives.
  • It maintains a database containing crucial data about wanted criminals, accessible to member countries for tracking such individuals.
  • Each member country has a National Central Bureau, serving as the primary point of contact between the country’s law enforcement agencies and Interpol.
  • In India, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is designated as the nodal agency. Interpol employs a color-coded system to disseminate alerts and share requests for crime-related information among member countries and global organizations.
  • Importantly, member countries are not legally obligated to comply with Interpol notices, as their enforcement is entirely discretionary.

Why did Interpol issue a Blue Corner Notice for the Indian Politician?

  • Interpol issues a blue corner notice when the case pertains to missing persons. Also known as an “enquiry notice,” it is sent to member states to request additional information about an individual, typically to verify their identity, whereabouts, or criminal record in connection with a criminal investigation.
  • This notice differs from a red corner notice, which is typically issued for individuals wanted for extradition, to serve a sentence based on a court decision, or similar lawful actions.
  • Interpol issued a blue corner notice after the Special Investigation Team (SIT) formed by the Karnataka government sought assistance from the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) for further investigation. The SIT initially issued a lookout circular against the Hassan MP when he failed to appear before the panel.
  • The request for Interpol’s assistance came shortly after the Hassan MP became untraceable. According to reports, he departed for Munich, Germany, using his diplomatic passport a day after his constituency’s Lok Sabha elections on April 26, just hours before the SIT was established.
  • The MP’s advocate requested a seven-day extension for his client to appear before the panel.
  • However, the investigating team rejected the request and proceeded with issuing a blue corner notice against him, as the investigation was still in its early stages and criminal charges had yet to be filed.


Hence, the rationale behind the blue corner notice given by the SIT officials to the Karnataka Chief Minister is that they intend to arrest the sitting MP to expedite the investigation as soon as they receive information about his whereabouts. It remains to be seen how does the investigation proceed now in the light of this recent significant incident.

May 2024