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Electrified Flex fuel vehicle

Context:

Recently, the Minister of Road Transport and Highways of India unveiled the Prototype of BS-6 Stage-II, Electrified Flex fuel vehicle.

Relevance:

GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Electrified Flex Fuel Vehicle: A Breakthrough in Sustainable Mobility
  2. Ethanol and Ethanol Blending in India

Electrified Flex Fuel Vehicle: A Breakthrough in Sustainable Mobility

  • Introduction to the world’s first BS-6 Stage-II Electrified Flex Fuel Vehicle.
  • Unique combination of a Flexi Fuel engine and an electric powertrain.
Understanding the Mechanics of Flexible Fuel Cars Utilizing Ethanol
  • Flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) and their internal combustion engines.
  • Capability to operate using various gasoline-ethanol blends, up to 83% ethanol.
  • Common composition of flex fuel: 85% ethanol and 15% petrol.
  • Overcoming the energy disparity: Bio-ethanol’s lower energy content.
  • Advancements in technology to equalize the calorific value of bio-ethanol and petrol.
  • Pioneering the way: India’s first 100% dual fuel vehicle for Indian roads.
  • Global Landscape of Flex Fuel Engines: Adoption and Popularity
  • Prevalence of flex fuel engines in diverse regions: Brazil, the United States, European Union, China.
  • Implication of widespread use and its contribution to sustainable transportation.

Ethanol and Ethanol Blending in India:

  • Ethanol is an agricultural by-product obtained mainly from the processing of sugar from sugarcane, but it can also be derived from other sources such as rice husk or maize.
  • Ethanol blending is the practice of mixing ethanol with petrol in order to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels in vehicles.
  • E20 fuel refers to a blend consisting of 20% ethanol and 80% petrol.
  • In February 2023, the Prime Minister of India launched the E20 fuel pilot project in Bengaluru, which involves blending 20% ethanol with petrol.
  • Initially, this pilot project covers at least 15 cities and is expected to be gradually implemented nationwide.
  • Over the years, India has been steadily increasing the proportion of ethanol blended with petrol. The blending rate has risen from 1.53% in 2013-14 to 10.17% in 2022.
  • The government has advanced its target of achieving 20% ethanol blending in petrol from 2030 to 2025, aiming to further reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
  • As part of its G20 presidency, the Indian government has proposed the establishment of a global biofuel alliance with countries like Brazil. This alliance would focus on promoting the use of biofuels internationally.

-Source: The Hindu


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