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Explain Why Suicide Among Young Women Is Increasing in Indian society

Rise in Suicide among Young Women in Indian Society

The alarming increase in suicides among young women in India can be attributed to various intertwined factors:

  1. Societal Pressure: A 2018 study indicated that India accounted for 37% of global female suicides. The pressure to uphold family honor and societal expectations, particularly in marital contexts, contributes significantly.
  2. Marital Distress: The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2019 report highlighted that family disputes, including marital discord, were a primary reason behind suicides.
  3. Educational Stress: An IndiaSpend analysis (2017) showed a surge in student suicides by 52% between 2007 and 2016. The demand for academic excellence and job placement can be overpowering.
  4. Economic Constraints: The World Bank remarked on the gender disparities in job opportunities, which can further elevate stress.
  5. Mental Health: The WHO indicated that India’s spending on mental health is a mere 0.06% of its health budget, revealing an infrastructure ill-equipped to address rising mental health issues.
  6. Isolation: Urbanization, leading to nuclear families, often reduces traditional support systems, with the Census 2011 indicating a 26% rise in nuclear families from the previous decade.
  7. Digital Age & Social Media: A study by Assocham (2018) revealed that 95% of teenagers in India on social media are affected by cyberbullying, impacting their self-esteem.
  8. Limited Redressal Mechanisms: Despite laws, the conviction rate for crimes against women was just 23% in 2019, according to the NCRB.

To mitigate this crisis, a multi-dimensional approach, encompassing legal, societal, and mental health interventions, is imperative.

April 2024