Why in news?

  • US president, Donald Trump made a statement following the missile attacks on US bases in Iran and said that, there were no causalities reported from the side of U.S.

Self-defence of Iran

  • Foreign Minister Javad Zarif invoked Article 51 of the UN Charter, which allows member states to take military actions in self defence if they come under attack.
  • He said Iran has taken and concluded “proportionate measures in self-defense”, which can be interpreted that Iran is now ready for de-escalation.

Implication

  • Mr. Trump did well to step back and not push the Gulf region into a disastrous cycle of violence and destruction.
  • The international community should now push for a diplomatic settlement of the crisis and find ways to revive the nuclear deal which could bring long­ term peace to the Gulf.
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