The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) around the world reached 71 million as of the end of 2022, according to the recently published Global Report on Internal Replacement 2023.
GS II: International relations
Dimensions of the Article:
- Global Report on Internal Displacement 2023
- Highlights of the 2023 Global Report on Internal Displacement
- Recommendations from the Global Report on Internal Displacement
Global Report on Internal Displacement 2023:
- The Global Report on Internal Displacement is an important publication that sheds light on the complex issue of internal displacement worldwide.
- Released by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), which is a part of the Norwegian Refugee Council, this report provides valuable insights into the challenges faced by individuals who are forced to move within their own country’s borders.
- Internal displacement refers to the displacement of people due to various factors such as conflict, violence, natural disasters, or human rights violations.
- Unlike refugees who cross international borders, internally displaced persons (IDPs) remain within their home country, often seeking safety in different regions or areas.
- The Global Report on Internal Displacement aims to raise awareness about the scale and impact of internal displacement, as well as to provide a comprehensive analysis of the trends and patterns associated with this phenomenon.
- By examining the causes, consequences, and dynamics of internal displacement, the report offers a deeper understanding of the issue and helps shape effective policies and interventions.
Highlights of the 2023 Global Report on Internal Displacement:
- The total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) worldwide reached 71.1 million by the end of 2022, indicating a significant increase of 20% compared to the previous year.
- Conflict and violence were major triggers for internal displacement, accounting for 28.3 million displacements globally.
- The conflict in Ukraine alone resulted in nearly 17 million internal displacements, reflecting its severe impact on the affected population.
- Disasters caused by natural hazards led to 32.6 million internal displacements, marking a 40% increase from 2021. This rise was largely attributed to the ongoing effects of La Niña, which persisted for the third consecutive year.
- Weather-related events, such as floods and storms, accounted for 98% of the total disaster-induced internal displacements.
- India recorded the fourth highest number of disaster-induced displacements, with 2.5 million people being displaced due to such events.
- Pakistan witnessed the highest number of disaster-induced internal displacements globally in 2022, with a staggering figure of 8.16 million people being displaced within the country.
Recommendations from the Global Report on Internal Displacement:
Strengthening Multi-Faceted Approaches:
- Conflict resolution, peacebuilding, disaster risk reduction, climate resilience, food security, and poverty reduction efforts must be enhanced.
- A comprehensive approach is needed to address the complex challenges faced by displaced populations.
Pursuing Durable Solutions:
- There is a growing need to identify and implement durable solutions that can effectively address the magnitude of displacement challenges.
- This involves expanding cash assistance and livelihood programs to improve the economic security of internally displaced people (IDPs).
- Additionally, investing in risk reduction measures that enhance the resilience of communities is crucial.
Investing in Risk Reduction Measures:
- It is important to move beyond immediate humanitarian assistance and focus on long-term investments in anticipatory action and risk reduction measures.
- Strengthening the resilience of displaced communities through such measures can mitigate the impacts of future crises.
Enhancing Livelihoods and Skills:
- Developing the livelihoods and skills of IDPs is vital in facilitating durable solutions.
- By improving their food security and promoting self-reliance at the community and national levels, IDPs can become more resilient and less dependent on external assistance.
-Source: Indian Express