The existing National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) programme has been renamed National Programme for Prevention & Control of Non-Communicable Diseases (NP-NCD).
GS II: Government policies and Interventions
Dimensions of the Article:
- About NPCDCS/NP-NCD
- National Health Mission
- It has been renamed to subsume all types of NCDs.
- Purpose: To cover a wider population for screening and management of non-communicable diseases
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare renamed the Comprehensive Primary Healthcare Non-Communicable Disease (CPHC NCD IT) system as the National NCD Portal.
- National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS)
- Implementation: NPCDCS is being implemented under the National Health Mission (NHM) across India.
- Launch: The programme was launched in 2010 with a focus on strengthening infrastructure, human resource development, health promotion, early diagnosis, management and referral.
- Establishment of NCD Cells and Clinics: Under NPCDCS, NCD Cells have been established at National, State, and District levels for programme management, and NCD Clinics are being set up at District and Community Health Centres (CHC) levels.
- Services provided: The NCD Clinics provide services for early diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up for common NCDs.
- Healthcare facilities: As part of NPCDCS, several healthcare facilities have been established, including 677 NCD district-level clinics, 187 District Cardiac Care Units, 266 District Day Care Centres, and 5,392 NCD Community Health Centre-level clinics.
- Goal: The goal of NPCDCS is to prevent and control NCDs by promoting healthy lifestyles, early detection, and management.
National Health Mission
NHM was launched by the government of India in 2013, which subsumed the National Rural Health Mission and the National Urban Health Mission.
- Programmatic components: The main programmatic components of NHM include Health System Strengthening in rural and urban areas, focusing on Reproductive-Maternal-Neonatal-Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A), and Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases.
- Universal access: The NHM aims to achieve universal access to equitable, affordable, and quality healthcare services that are accountable and responsive to people’s needs.
NHM aims to achieve several indicators, including reducing the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) to 1/1000 live births, reducing the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) to 25/1000 live births, and reducing the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to 2.1.
- Prevention and reduction of anemia in women aged 15–49 years,
- Preventing and reducing mortality & morbidity from communicable and non-communicable diseases,
- Reducing household out-of-pocket expenditure on total health care expenditure,
- Reducing annual incidence and mortality from Tuberculosis by half,
- Reducing the prevalence of Leprosy to <1/10000 population and incidence to zero in all districts,
- Achieving an annual Malaria Incidence of <1/1000,
- Less than 1% microfilaria prevalence in all districts,
- Kala-azar elimination by 2015 with <1 case per 10000 population in all blocks.
-Source: The Hindu