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GPAI Summit 2023

Context:

The Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) – an alliance of 29 member countries, has unanimously adopted the New Delhi declaration. The declaration underscored the need to mitigate risks arising from the development and deployment of AI systems, and promote equitable access to critical resources for AI innovation.

Relevance:

GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI): Nurturing Responsible AI Development
  2. New Delhi Declaration Overview
  3. New Delhi Declaration Significance

Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI): Nurturing Responsible AI Development

GPAI, the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence, is an international initiative designed to steer the ethical and responsible evolution of artificial intelligence (AI). It emphasizes upholding human rights and democratic values among its member nations.

Origins:
  • Proposal: Canada and France initially proposed GPAI during the 2018 44th G7 summit.
  • Launch: Formally launched in June 2020 with 15 member countries, it has since expanded to include 29 member nations.
Membership:
  • Composition: GPAI encompasses diverse countries such as India, the United States, the UK, France, Japan, and Canada.
  • Notable Absence: China, a significant global tech powerhouse, has chosen not to be part of this multilateral consortium.
  • Host Organization: GPAI is hosted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), a prominent international organization.
Objectives:
  • Multi-stakeholder Approach: GPAI operates as a multi-stakeholder initiative, fostering collaboration between science, industry, civil society, governments, international organizations, and academia.
  • Bridging the Gap: It aims to bridge the divide between theoretical discussions and practical applications of AI by supporting cutting-edge research and applied activities.
  • International Cooperation: Bringing together expertise from various sectors, GPAI seeks to encourage international cooperation in shaping the responsible development and use of AI.

New Delhi Declaration Overview:

  • GPAI’s Central Role: The New Delhi Declaration outlines the commitment to position the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI) at the forefront of shaping AI’s future. This involves fostering innovation and collaborative AI efforts among partner nations, particularly in sectors like healthcare and agriculture.
  • Global AI Governance Leadership: All GPAI members are dedicated to leading global discussions on AI governance to ensure safety and trust. The declaration emphasizes the importance of creating granular regulations that encompass all nations by the next GPAI meeting in Korea.
  • Inclusivity and Benefits Distribution: GPAI aims to become an inclusive movement, extending its focus to countries in the Global South. The goal is to make AI benefits, platforms, and solutions available to people worldwide.
  • Addressing AI Challenges: The declaration recognizes the necessity of addressing challenges posed by AI, including misinformation, unemployment, lack of transparency, intellectual property protection, and threats to human rights and democratic values.

New Delhi Declaration Significance:

  • Historic Meeting: This marks the first meeting of GPAI members since the rise of generative AI platforms like ChatGPT and Google Bard, bringing AI discussions into the mainstream.
  • Thematic Priority in Agriculture: GPAI members, including India, have identified AI innovation in agriculture as a new thematic priority. This focus is crucial for implementing resilient agricultural practices, enhancing productivity, and addressing climate change challenges.
  • India’s Collaborative Approach: The declaration represents a significant win for India, advocating a collaborative approach in building AI systems. It aligns with India’s model of digital public infrastructure (DPI) and supports the nation’s goal of establishing a sovereign AI system.
  • Boost for Sovereign AI: Access to computing capabilities from GPAI member nations strengthens India’s plans for a sovereign AI system. This is pivotal for countering the dominance of a few foreign companies in the AI space and aligns with India’s strategic objectives.

-Source: The Hindu


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