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Hattis of Himachal Pradesh

Context:

The Centre is set to consider the Himachal Pradesh government’s request for inclusion of the Hatti community in the list of Scheduled Tribes in the state.

Relevance:

GS II- Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Who are the Hattis?
  2. Hattis societal norms

Who are the Hattis?

  • The Hattis are a close-knit community who got their name from their tradition of selling homegrown vegetables, crops, meat and wool etc. at small markets called ‘haat’ in towns.
  • The Hatti community, whose men generally don a distinctive white headgear during ceremonies, is cut off from Sirmaur by two rivers called Giri and Tons.
  • Tons divides it from the Jaunsar Bawar area of Uttarakhand.
  • The Hattis who live in the trans-Giri area and Jaunsar Bawar in Uttarakhand were once part of the royal estate of Sirmaur until Jaunsar Bawar’s separation in 1815.
  • Due to topographical disadvantages, the Hattis living in the Kamrau, Sangrah, and Shilliai areas lag behind in education and employment.

Hattis societal norms

  • Hattis are administered by a traditional council known as a Khumbli, which, like Haryana’s khaps, decides on community issues.
  • Despite the establishment of the panchayati raj system, the Khumbli’s dominance has remained unquestioned.
  • Inter-marriages are widespread between the two clans, which have comparable customs.
  • The Hattis have a rather tight caste system, with the Bhat and Khash being the higher castes and the Badhois being the lower castes.
  • Inter-caste marriage has long been frowned upon.

-Source: Indian Express

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