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Henley Passport Index 2024


The average number of visa-free destinations has nearly doubled since 2006, according to the 2024 Henley Passport Index.


GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Henley Passport Index
  2. Henley Passport Index 2023: Key Rankings
  3. Henley Openness Index: Top Findings

About Henley Passport Index:

  • Henley Passport Index is a comprehensive global ranking that assesses the travel freedom of citizens based on their passports.
  • Initially known as Henley & Partners Visa Restrictions Index (HVRI), it was established in 2006.
  • The index evaluates all the world’s passports based on the number of countries their holders can access without requiring a prior visa.
  • It covers 199 different passports and 227 travel destinations.
  • The “visa-free score” of a passport corresponds to the number of countries its holders can visit without a visa.
  • Henley & Partners collaborates with the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and utilizes official data from their global database to analyze visa regulations worldwide.
International Air Transport Association (IATA)
  • IATA is a trade association that represents the world’s airlines and was founded in 1945.
  • The primary purpose of IATA is to support and promote airline activity, as well as to facilitate the formulation of industry policies and standards.
  • The association’s headquarters is located in Montreal, Canada.

Henley Passport Index 2024: Key Highlights

Top-Ranked Passports:

  • France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Singapore, and Spain secure the top position as the world’s most powerful passports.
  • These passports enable visa-free entry to 194 global destinations.

European Dominance:

  • The top 10 positions are predominantly occupied by European countries.

Global Access Trends:

  • The average number of destinations accessible without a visa has nearly doubled, rising from 58 in 2006 to 111 in 2024.

Indian Passport Ranking:

  • India’s passport holds the 80th position.
  • Indian citizens enjoy visa-free travel to 62 countries.

Lowest-Ranked Passports:

  • Afghanistan ranks at the bottom, with access to only 28 countries without a visa.
  • Syria, Iraq, and Pakistan follow with limited visa-free access (29, 31, and 34 destinations, respectively).

UAE’s Notable Rise:

  • The United Arab Emirates has experienced significant progress, climbing to the 11th position.
  • UAE passports offer visa-free access to 183 destinations.

-Source: Indian Express

February 2024