Context:

The Indian Navy and the Air Force began a two-day passage exercise with U.S. Navy Carrier Strike Group (CSG) Ronald Reagan during its transit through the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

Relevance:

GS-II: International Relations (Foreign developments affecting India’s Interests, India-U.S. relations)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About the U.S. India 2-day passage exercise
  2. U.S. Security Cooperation With India

About the U.S. India 2-day passage exercise

  • The Indian Naval warships along with aircraft from Navy and Indian Air Force (IAF) are engaged in joint multi-domain operations with the U.S. Carrier Strike Group.
  • The exercise aims to strengthen the bilateral relationship and cooperation by demonstrating the ability to integrate and coordinate comprehensively in maritime operations.

U.S. Security Cooperation With India

  • In 2016, the United States designated India as a Major Defense Partner.  Commensurate with this designation, in 2018, India was elevated to Strategic Trade Authorization tier 1 status, which allows India to receive license-free access to a wide range of military and dual-use technologies regulated by the Department of Commerce.
  • U.S.-India defense trade cooperation continues to expand with the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA), Communications, Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), and the Industrial Security Agreement (ISA) now in place.
  • Since 2015, the United States also authorized India over $3 billion in defense articles via the Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) process, which licenses the export of the defense equipment, services, and related manufacturing technologies controlled under the 21 categories of the U.S. Munitions List (USML). 
  • From 2016 to 2019, India and the United States jointly taught the UN Peacekeeping Course for African Partners.  These courses, conducted in New Delhi and organized for officers from 23 African troop and police contributing countries, were co-sponsored by the U.S. Global Peace Operations Initiative, and taught by U.S., Indian, and African course alumni. 
  • In November 2019, the United States and India conducted Tiger Triumph, the first-ever tri-service (ground, naval, and air forces) exercise between the two countries. Such military exercises enhance U.S.-India relations and help create a more stable and secure Indo-Pacific region.

-Source: The Hindu

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