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India and Papua New Guinea Sign MoU for Sharing India Stack


Recently, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) of India and the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MICT) of Papua New Guinea have taken a significant step towards digital transformation by signing a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to share India Stack.


GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Highlights of the MoU between India and Papua New Guinea
  2. India Stack

Key Highlights of the MoU between India and Papua New Guinea:

  • Sharing of India Stack to support identity, data, and payment services on a large scale.
  • Implementation of population-scale Digital Public Infrastructure and Transformational Platforms/projects for improved living standards and governance efficiency.
  • Strengthening digital identity systems and digital payment mechanisms to enable seamless transactions.

India Stack:

  • India Stack is a set of APIs (Application Programming Interface) that enables governments, businesses, startups, and developers to utilize a unique digital infrastructure to address challenging issues related to presence-less, paperless, and cashless service delivery in India.
  • It is a government-led initiative aimed at establishing a robust digital infrastructure to facilitate various digital services across different sectors.
  • The components of India Stack are owned and maintained by different agencies.
  • The primary goal of India Stack is to streamline and enhance identity verification, data exchange, and digital payment processes, making them more accessible and efficient for citizens.
  • It includes digital public goods, which are digital resources and tools made available to the public to support different digital services and initiatives.
  • Key components of India Stack include Aadhaar, a unique biometric-based identification system, Unified Payments Interface (UPI) for instant digital payments, and Digital Locker for secure storage of personal documents.
  • The vision of India Stack is not limited to India alone; it can be adapted and applied to other nations, whether developed or emerging, to improve their digital infrastructure and services.

May 2024