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Indian Tent Turtles

Context:

Indian tent turtle is now listed in Schedule –I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 and is thereby provided the highest degree of protection.

Relevance:

GS III- Species in News

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Indian Tent Turtles
  2. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972

Indian Tent Turtles

  • IUCN status: Least Concerned
  • The Indian tent turtle (Pangshura tentoria) belongs to the Geoemydidae family of turtles. The species is only found in India and Bangladesh and is therefore considered endemic.
  • Freshwater rivers and wetlands are its favoured environments.
  • The species is native to India, Nepal, and Bangladesh, where three subspecies,
    • P. t. tentoria:
      •  It been found in Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, and Madhya Pradesh in peninsular India.
    • P. t. circumdata,
      • It can be found in the Ganga’s western tributaries and Gujarat’s rivers. Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Gujarat are the states where it may be found.
    • P. t. flaviventer,
      • It is found in the Ganga’s northern tributaries and has been documented in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, and Assam.
Major Threats:

Due to the attractive appearance of the species, they are illegally traded in the pet market.

Wildlife Protection Act, 1972

  • The Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species.
  • The Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed.
  • The Act provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants; and for matters connected there with or ancillary or incidental thereto.
  • It extends to the whole of India.
It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection.
Schedule ISpecies: Endangered species Penalty: Harsh with imprisonment Hunting: Not allowed Trade: Prohibited Examples: Tiger, Blackbuck, Himalayan Brown Bear, Brow-Antlered Deer, Blue whale, Common Dolphin, Cheetah, Clouded Leopard, Hornbills, Indian Gazelle, and many others.Schedule II Penalty: Harsh Hunting: Not allowed Trade: Prohibited Examples: Kohinoor (insect), Assamese Macaque, Bengal Hanuman langur, Large Indian Civet, Indian Fox, Larger Kashmir Flying Squirrel, Kashmir Fox and many others.
Schedule III & IV Species: Not Endangered Penalty: Less compared to Schedules I & II Hunting: Not allowed   Examples: Hyena, Himalayan rat, porcupine, flying fox, Malabar tree toad, etc.Schedule V Hunting: Allowed Examples: Mice, Rat, common crow, fruit bats, etc.
Schedule VI Species: Include plants that are forbidden from cultivation Examples: Pitcher plant, Blue Vanda, Red vanda, Kuth, etc. 
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September 2022
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