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International Classification of Diseases


World Health Organization’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 11 TM Module 2, Morbidity Codes launch event will be held in New Delhi on 10th January, 2024.


GS II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. International Classification of Diseases (ICD): A Comprehensive Overview

International Classification of Diseases (ICD): A Comprehensive Overview

  • WHO Development: ICD is a global disease classification system developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) for international use.
  • Data Foundation: It relies on data derived mainly from modern biomedicine practices, forming the basis for global disease data.
  • Critical Uses: ICD plays a crucial role in offering insights into the prevalence, causes, and consequences of diseases globally, aiding in health planning, administration, and research.
  • Clinical Basis: The coding of clinical terms with ICD is fundamental for health recording, statistics, and cause-of-death certificates across various healthcare levels.
  • Support Systems: The data generated by ICD supports payment systems, service planning, quality administration, safety measures, and large-scale health services research.
  • Ayush Integration: Currently, Ayush systems like Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani are not part of the WHO ICD series, presenting a gap in classification.
  • CBHI Role: The Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, serves as the WHO Collaboration Centre for ICD-related activities.
  • TM2 Module of ICD11: The Ministry of Ayush, in collaboration with WHO, has developed the Code for Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani Medicine in the TM2 module of ICD11.
  • Data Standardization: The categorization of Ayush-related data and terminology facilitates standardized data collection and research.
  • Donor Agreement: The Ministry of Ayush has signed a Donor Agreement with WHO, marking a significant step in this collaborative effort.

February 2024