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International Labour Day 2023


International Labour Day, popularly known as International Workers’ Day or May Day is observed on May 01 every year.


GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. International Labour Day
  2. History
  3. India’s association with Labour Day

International Labour Day

  • International Labour Day is an annual celebration that takes place on 1 May.
  • It is a day to honor and acknowledge the efforts of workers and labor movements.
  • The day is celebrated in more than 80 countries, including India, Cuba, and China.
  • Many people around the world hold rallies and marches to promote workers’ rights and to demand better working conditions. In some places, it is a public holiday, and workers are given the day off to celebrate.
  • International Labour Day commemorates the struggles and sacrifices made by workers’ and labor movements.
  • It is a day to recognize the social and economic achievements of the labor movement and to highlight the ongoing struggles for workers’ rights and protections.
  • Also known as May Day, the holiday has its roots in the United States and was originally established to demand an eight-hour workday.
  • Today, it has become a global celebration of the contributions and value of workers and a reminder of the need to protect their rights and dignity.


  • The celebration of Labour Day has its roots in the labor movement of 19th century America.
  • In 1886, Chicago workers organized a strike to demand an eight-hour workday on May 1st.
  • Following a bomb explosion at a labor rally in Haymarket Square in Chicago, workers across the US joined forces to fight for their rights and better working conditions.
  • In 1889, the International congress of socialist parties met in Paris and declared May 1 as Labour Day or Worker’s Day, which is now celebrated worldwide.

India’s association with Labour Day

  • India’s association with Labour Day dates back to May 1, 1923, when the first celebration of the day took place in Chennai.
  • The event was organized by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan.
  • In India, Labour Day is celebrated under various names in different states, such as Kamgar Din in Hindi, Karmikara Dinacharane in Kannada, and Karmika Dinotsavam in Telugu.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023