Recently, the ‘International Migration Outlook 2023’ was released by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
GS II: International Relations
Dimensions of the Article:
- Key findings of the International Migration Outlook 2023
- Key Facts About OECD
Key findings of the International Migration Outlook 2023
Migration to OECD Countries:
- India witnessed the highest migration flows to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries in both 2021 and 2022.
- In 2021, 0.13 million Indian citizens acquired the nationality of an OECD country.
- Inflows of refugees from Ukraine reached a record high across OECD countries due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict.
- More than 10 million people have been displaced or have become refugees in the OECD region.
Increased Worker Migration:
- Migration flows from India increased by 172 percent, making it one of the primary countries of origin for workers in OECD countries.
- Similarly, migration flows from Uzbekistan and Turkey also rose sharply.
Key Facts About OECD:
- The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization comprising 38 countries committed to democracy and the market economy.
- Its member countries are typically democratic nations that support free-market economies.
- Established on December 14, 1960, by 18 European nations, the United States, and Canada.
- The goal of the OECD is to shape policies that promote prosperity, equality, opportunity, and well-being for all.
- It publishes economic reports, statistical databases, analyses, and forecasts on global economic growth.
- The organization works to combat bribery and financial crimes on a global scale.
- The OECD maintains a “black list” of nations considered uncooperative tax havens.
- In addition to its member countries, the OECD collaborates with several non-member economies, including India.
- The organization is headquartered in Paris, France.
-Source: Down To Earth