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International Migration Outlook 2023

Context:

Recently, the ‘International Migration Outlook 2023’ was released by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key findings of the International Migration Outlook 2023
  2. Key Facts About OECD

Key findings of the International Migration Outlook 2023

Migration to OECD Countries:

  • India witnessed the highest migration flows to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries in both 2021 and 2022.
  • In 2021, 0.13 million Indian citizens acquired the nationality of an OECD country.

Refugee Inflows:

  • Inflows of refugees from Ukraine reached a record high across OECD countries due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict.
  • More than 10 million people have been displaced or have become refugees in the OECD region.

Increased Worker Migration:

  • Migration flows from India increased by 172 percent, making it one of the primary countries of origin for workers in OECD countries.
  • Similarly, migration flows from Uzbekistan and Turkey also rose sharply.

Key Facts About OECD:

  • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization comprising 38 countries committed to democracy and the market economy.
  • Its member countries are typically democratic nations that support free-market economies.
  • Established on December 14, 1960, by 18 European nations, the United States, and Canada.
  • The goal of the OECD is to shape policies that promote prosperity, equality, opportunity, and well-being for all.
  • It publishes economic reports, statistical databases, analyses, and forecasts on global economic growth.
  • The organization works to combat bribery and financial crimes on a global scale.
  • The OECD maintains a “black list” of nations considered uncooperative tax havens.
  • In addition to its member countries, the OECD collaborates with several non-member economies, including India.
  • The organization is headquartered in Paris, France.

-Source: Down To Earth


June 2024
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