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Kargil Vijay Diwas 2023


The President and the Prime Minister recently paid their tributes to the armed forces on Kargil Vijay Diwas, acknowledging their extraordinary valour and the victory achieved.


GS I: History

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Kargil Vijay Diwas
  2. Key Facts about Kargil War

Kargil Vijay Diwas:

  • Celebrated on July 26 annually to commemorate India’s victory in the Kargil War against Pakistan.
  • Honors the bravery and sacrifice of the soldiers during the 1999 war.
  • 2023 marks the 24th anniversary of Kargil Vijay Diwas.

Key Facts about Kargil War:


  • Fought between India and Pakistan at the Line of Control (LoC) in Kargil, Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Surprise Attack: Pakistani forces intruded into Indian territory, occupying key vantage points in the Kargil region.

Operation Vijay:

  • Codename for the Indian Army’s response to recapture the occupied positions.
  • Notable success in recapturing the famous ‘Tiger Hill’ and other strategic posts.


  • High Altitude Warfare: The war was fought at extreme altitudes, with battlegrounds reaching heights of over 18,000 feet.


  • The conflict lasted for approximately three months.


  • Indian Army utilized heavy artillery, air power, and major infantry operations.
  • Employed Bofors FH-77B howitzers to shoot down enemy positions.
  • Received support from Israel’s Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) during the conflict.

Broadcasting First:

  • The Kargil War was the first-ever war to be broadcasted live on TV channels in India.

End of Conflict:

  • The war came to an end on July 26, 1999, when India successfully pushed back the Pakistani forces from the occupied positions.


  • Approximately 500 Indian soldiers sacrificed their lives during the war.
  • Around 1,000 Pakistani troops were reported to have been killed.
  • Kargil Vijay Diwas is a reminder of the valor and sacrifices made by the Indian armed forces in defending the nation’s borders.
  • It symbolizes the indomitable spirit of the Indian Army and the determination to protect the sovereignty of the country.
  • The day serves as a tribute to the soldiers who displayed extraordinary courage and dedication in adverse conditions during the Kargil War.
  • The Kargil War remains an important event in the history of India, demonstrating the resilience and capability of the Indian armed forces in defending the nation’s security.
  • It strengthened India’s resolve to address security challenges and maintain peace in the region.
  • On Kargil Vijay Diwas, various events and ceremonies are organized across the country to pay homage to the martyrs and honor the valor of the Indian Army.
  • The day is observed with reverence and pride by citizens and the armed forces alike, as they remember the heroic deeds of the soldiers during the Kargil War.

-Source: The Hindu

July 2024