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Keoladeo National Park


The Rajasthan Government has proposed to construct a zoo inside Keoladeo National Park, a World Heritage Site popularly known as Bharatpur bird sanctuary, to display a range of wetland species.

  • The purpose of this zoo, called Wetland ex-situ Conservation Establishment (WESCE), is to display a range of wetland species, including rhinos, water buffaloes, crocodiles, dolphins and exotic species.


GS III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Purpose of WESCE
  2. Keoladeo National Park

Purpose of WESCE

Rejuvenation of Biodiversity

  • The WESCE’s goal is to rejuvenate the biodiversity of Keoladeo National Park, enhancing its unique values recognized globally.


  • The WESCE plan is part of the Rajasthan Forestry and Biodiversity Development Project (RFBDP)
  • The French government’s overseas development arm, Agence Française de Développement (AFD), will fund the project up to Rs 12 crore over eight years.
Planned Facilities inside Keoladeo National Park
  • Breeding and Reintroduction Centre
    • A centre for locally extinct species like otters, fishing cats, blackbucks, hog deer, etc.
  • Aquarium and Enclosures
    • An aquarium for indigenous species such as Gangetic Dolphin, crocodiles.
    • Enclosures for the display of large wetland species like Indian Rhino, Water Buffalo, Barasingha (swamp deer), etc.

Keoladeo National Park

  • Location: Eastern part of Rajasthan, India
  • Recognition: Designated as a Ramsar site and a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Special Features:
  • Home to thousands of birds, especially during the winter season
  • Attracts several migratory birds for breeding and wintering
  • Strategically located in the Central Asian migratory flyway
  • Hosts rare species such as the Siberian crane
  • Fauna includes Sambar, Nilgai, wild cats, hyenas, wild boar, birds (including raptors and waterfowl), and Jackals

-Source: The Hindu

March 2024