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Kuki-Chin Refugees

Context:

As another round of refugee crisis brews on the Mizoram-Bangladesh border, several members of the Kuki-Chin community were “pushed back” by the Border Security Force (BSF).

Relevance:

GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Who are the Kuki Chins?
  2. Insurgency Roots
  3. India’s Stand

Who are the Kuki Chins?

  • The Kuki Chins are a group of people native to the Mizo hills in Myanmar, Mizoram, and Bangladesh. They are also known as the Zo people.
  • The Kuki Chins in Bangladesh are settled in the Chittagong Hill Tracts, which borders Myanmar, Tripura, Mizoram, and the Chittagong district.
  • Around 30,000 Kuki Chin refugees from Myanmar have fled to Mizoram since 2021 due to the military crackdown in Myanmar and loss of identity in Bangladesh.

Insurgency Roots

  • The Kuki militancy is rooted in conflicts of ethnic identity, including the desire for self-determination and the inter-community conflict with the Nagas in Manipur over land and identity.
  • These conflicts have resulted in violent standoffs, including village burnings and civilian deaths.
India’s Stand
  • India is prepared to provide temporary shelter, food, and medicine to Kuki Chin refugees from Bangladesh on humanitarian grounds.

-Source: The Hindu


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