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Focus: GS-I Indian Society

Why in news?

An apex body of the Kukis, one of the three major ethnic groups of Manipur, has asked the Centre to weigh the “acts of genocide” against the community by the Isak-Muivah faction of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland, or NSCN (IM), before sealing the final peace deal with it.


  • Leaders of the NSCN (IM) have been engaged in a fresh round of talks with the Centre in New Delhi for settling the Naga peace process hanging fire since 1997.
  • The Kuki Inpi Manipur (KIM) reminded the Centre of the genocide against the Kukis by the NSCN (IM) in the 1990s.
  • According to KIM, the Naga outfit had orchestrated an “ethnic pogrom” killing more than 1,000 Kukis, uprooting 360 villages and internally displacing more than 100,000 Kuki people between 1992 and 1997.
  • The political demands include making the NSCN (IM) pay for “acts of genocide” against the Kuki people and driving them out of their ancestral lands.

Kuki people

  • The Kukis constitute one of several hill tribes within India, Bangladesh, and Burma. Zo people (Mizo) are known as Chin in the Chin State of Myanmar, as Mizo in the State of Mizoram and as kuki in the state of Manipur in India are a number of related Tibeto-Burman tribal peoples spread throughout the northeastern states of India, northwestern Burma, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh.
  • In Northeast India, they are present in all states except Arunachal Pradesh.
  • This dispersal across international borders is a culmination of punitive actions made by the British during their occupation of India

Nagaland Peace Accord

  • Nagaland Peace Accord is the accord signed-in 2015, by the Government of India and the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) to end the insurgency.
  • The agreement was signed after several rounds of talks and after the agreement was signed, the government said it has “recognised the unique history, culture and position of the Nagas and their sentiments and aspirations. The NSCN understood and appreciated the Indian political system and governance”.
  • The NSCN (I-M)’s idea of a Nagalim includes parts of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Manipur; and the Civil society organisations in the three states have stated that no compromise on their territorial integrity would be accepted.

Click Here to read more about the Naga issue and NSCN-IM

-Source: The Hindu

February 2024