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Lachit Borphukan on Lachit Diwas

Context:

Recently, the Prime Minister of India paid tribute to Lachit Borphukan on Lachit Diwas.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Lachit Borphukan
  2. Ahom Kingdom Overview

Lachit Borphukan:

  • Revered in Assam for his pivotal role in the Battle of Saraighat in 1671 against the Mughals.
  • Served as the commander of Ahom armies, displaying exceptional military prowess.
Battle of Saraighat:
  • Fought on the banks of the Brahmaputra in Guwahati.
  • Successfully employed guerrilla tactics, providing an advantage to his smaller, agile forces.
Administrative Responsibilities:
  • Chosen as one of the five Borphukans by King Charadhwaj Singha.
  • Entrusted with administrative, judicial, and military duties, showcasing his multifaceted capabilities.
Military Strategy:
  • Known for preferring guerrilla tactics, showcasing strategic acumen.
  • Led fast-moving and highly capable forces, contributing to the success of the Ahom armies.
Legacy:
  • Revered as a brilliant military commander who played a pivotal role in preserving Assam’s independence.
  • Succumbed to a prolonged illness a year after the Battle of Saraighat.

Ahom Kingdom Overview:

  • Ruled significant parts of present-day Assam for nearly 600 years, from the early 13th century to the early 19th century.
  • Flourished as a prosperous, multi-ethnic kingdom in the Brahmaputra valley, sustaining on rice cultivation in fertile lands.
  • Engaged in conflicts with the Mughals from 1615-1682, spanning the reigns of Jahangir to Aurangzeb.

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