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Lumpy Skin Disease


Cattle herders in western Rajasthan have suffered heavy losses due to an outbreak of the contagious Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD).


GS-II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Points
  2. About Lumpy Skin Disease

Key Points:

  • Hundreds of cattle have died from infection, according to data from the state animal husbandary department.
  • The state’s dairy sector has also been badly affected.
  • The LSD outbreak also poses a threat to Rajasthan’s position as a stronghold of cattle and livestock populations.
  • The state had 56 million livestock according to the 20th Livestock Census.
  • Western Rajasthan is witnessing an LSD outbreak for the first time. The area is home to community-owned livestock.

About Lumpy Skin Disease:

  • Lumpy skin disease is a viral infection of cattle.
  • It is an infectious, eruptive, occasionally fatal disease of cattle characterized by nodules on the skin and other parts of the body.
  • Secondary bacterial infection often aggravates the condition.
  • Its incidence is highest in wet summer weather, but it may occur in winter.
  • It is most prevalent along water courses and on low ground.
  • History:
    • Traditionally, lumpy skin disease is found in southern and eastern Africa, but in the 1970s it extended northwest through the continent into sub-Saharan west Africa.
    • Since 2000, it has spread to several countries of the Middle East and in 2013 extended west into Turkey and several countries in the Balkans.
Current Affairs 26 July 2022
  • Symptoms:
    • Fever
    • Lacrimation
    • Hypersalivation, and
    • Characteristic skin eruptions.
    • The incubation period is 4–14 days.
  • Treatment and Prevention:
    • Attenuated virus vaccines may help control spread
    • Administration of antibiotics to control secondary infection and good nursing care are recommended.

-Source: Down To Earth

December 2023