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Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX)


In a joint effort, the space agencies of India and Japan are embarking on the Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX).


GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX):

Lunar Polar Exploration Mission (LUPEX):

Collaborative Venture:

  • LUPEX is a joint effort between Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • The mission is set to launch in 2025.


  • LUPEX aims to explore the lunar polar region and assess the feasibility of establishing a Moon base.
  • It will study the presence of water ice and surface exploration technologies.

Partnership and Instruments:

  • JAXA and ISRO are developing the rover and lander, respectively.
  • The mission will carry instruments from ISRO, JAXA, NASA, and the European Space Agency (ESA).

Proposed Instruments:

  • Ahmedabad-based Physical Research Laboratory (PRL) proposed instruments for LUPEX.
  • “Permittivity and Thermo-physical investigation for Moon’s Aquatic Scout (PRATHIMA)” aims to detect and quantify water-ice mixed with lunar soil.
  • “Lunar Electrostatic Dust EXperiment (LEDEX)” aims to study charged dust particles and levitation processes in the polar region.

Insights and Future Exploration:

  • LUPEX will provide valuable insights into the lunar polar region.
  • The mission’s findings will contribute to future human exploration of the Moon and potential establishment of a base.

-Source: Times of India

February 2024