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Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932 mainly because

Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because(2012)

a) Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations

b) Congress and Muslim League had differences of opinion

c) Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award

d) None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context

Answer: C

The Communal Award was created by the British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald on 16 August 1932. Also known as the MacDonald Award, it was announced after the Round Table Conference (1930–32) and extended the separate electorate to depressed Classes (now known as the Scheduled Caste) and other minorities.

To oppose this Gandhiji undertook fast unto death in 1932.

Later the Poona Pact was signed. The Poona Pact was an agreement between Mahatma Gandhi and B. R. Ambedkar on behalf of depressed classes and upper caste Hindu leaders on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes in the legislature of British India in 1932


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