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National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission


Recently, a West Delhi-based hospital that mishandled an in vitro fertilisation procedure has been fined ₹1.5 crore for negligence and resorting to unethical practices by the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (NCDRC).


GS II: Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
  2. What is in-vitro fertilization (IVF)?

National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission:

  • Establishment: The commission was established in 1988 under the Consumer Protection Act of 1986.
  • Head office: Its headquarters is located in New Delhi.
  • Head: The commission is headed by a sitting or retired Judge of the Supreme Court of India or a sitting or retired Chief Justice of the High Court.
  • Consumer Protection Councils: The Act requires the establishment of Consumer Protection Councils at the Centre, State, and District levels to promote consumer awareness.
  • Central Council: The Central Council is headed by the Minister In-charge of the Department of Consumer Affairs in the Central Government.
  • State Councils: The State Councils are headed by the Minister In-charge of Consumer Affairs in the State Governments.
  • 3-tier structure: The commission follows a 3-tier structure consisting of the National Commission, State Commissions, and District Commissions to ensure the prompt resolution of consumer disputes.

What is in-vitro fertilization (IVF)?

  • In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which fertilization of an egg and sperm takes place outside the human body.
  • This complex procedure involves the retrieval of eggs from the ovaries and their manual combination with sperm in a laboratory to achieve fertilization.
  • Following fertilization, the resulting embryo is then transferred to the uterus, where implantation into the uterine wall can lead to pregnancy.

-Source: The Hindu

May 2024